Isabgol (Psylliums), the common name in India for ovata, comes from the Persian words “isap” and “ghol” that mean horse ear, which is descriptive of the shape of the seed. In India the use of isabgol is as old as the Ayurveda System of Medicine. Psyllium seed is an agri-product of dried ripe seeds of plantago ovata. Psyllium husk comes from the crushed seeds of the plant, plantago ovata. Psyllium husk is an essential product mainly for its mucilage content Psyllium husk has a long history of use in traditional and herbal medicines in the Middle East, United States, Europe, India, and China.
Psyllium seeds are an agri-farm product of dried ripe seeds of Plantago Ovata forks (farm. Plantaginancae) and it has been cleaned free for all dust, agri farm fibers, wastes, mud, stones and iron particles.
The seed itself is made up of 40% Linoleic Acid (LA), an important fatty acid essential to health. The seed has the property of mucilage formation on the extraction of moisture. Psyllium seeds are cooling, laxative, soothing, antiacidic, anti diuretic and demulcent.
The husk of Psyllium is the actual coating of mucilage around the seed. It is considered pure dietary fibre and is the only part of the plant used in manufacturing Psyllium products.
Its nutritional value consists mainly of glycosides, proteins, polysaccharides, vitamin B1, and choline. The fibre content of over 80% compared to less than 15% for oat bran and 10% for wheat bran. The husk is composed mostly of a fibre called hemicellulose which is a complex carbohydrate found in whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Hemicellulose is indigestible however, it is partially broken down in the colon and feeds the friendly intestinal flora.
Psyllium Husk is separated from the seeds by a mechanical process where no Chemicals are used. Psyllium Husk is available mostly in four grade of purity i.e. 99% pure, 98% pure, 95% pure and 85% pure.
Psyllium Husk Powder
Psyllium Husk Powder is processed from the Psyllium Husk which is grinded using Pulverize Machine in various particle sizes that are 40 meshes, 60 meshes, 80 meshes, 100 meshes in all grades of purity. Psyllium Husk and its Powder is used as a mild laxative spread in the United States and other European countries. Psyllium Husk Powder has high fibre and recently it has been started getting used in low carbohydrate treatment in the USA.
GENERAL SPECIFICATION OF PSYLLIUM HUSK POWDER
PROPERTIES PSYLLIUM HUSK POWDER 99% PSYLLIUM HUSK POWDER 98% PSYLLIUM HUSK POWDER 95% PSYLLIUM HUSK POWDER85%
MESH SIZE AS PER REQUIREMENT AS PER REQUIREMENT AS PER REQUIREMENT AS PER REQUIREMENT
MUCILLOID CONTENT 99% MIN. 98% MIN. MIN. 95% MIN. 85%
TOTAL ASH MAX. 4% MAX. 4% MAX. 4% MAX. 4%
ACID INSOLUBLE ASH MAX. 1% MAX. 1% MAX. 1% MAX. 1%
MOISTURE CONTENT MAX. 12% MAX. 12% MAX. 12% MAX. 12%
LIGHT EXTRANEOUS MATTER MAX. 1% MAX. 2% MAX. 5% MAX. 15%
SWELL VOLUME MINIMUM 40 ML PER GRAM MINIMUM 40 ML PER GRAM MINIMUM 40 ML PER GRAM MINIMUM 40 ML PER GRAM
SIEVE TESTMINIMUM 95% PASS THROUGH MESH 95% PASS THROUGH MESH 95% PASS THROUGH MESH 95% PASS THROUGH MESH
E.COLI PER GRAM ABSENT ABSENT ABSENT ABSENT
SALMONELLA PER 10 GRAM ABSENT ABSENT ABSENT ABSENT
MOULD & YEAST COUNT 1000 C/G MAXIMUM 1000 C/G MAXIMUM 1000 C/G MAXIMUM 1000 C/G MAXIMUM
All the above specifications are as per USP standards issued by USFDA.